Category Issue 7

The History and Impact of U.S. and EU Energy-related Sanctions Against Iran

by Trey Giesen The designation of the Islamic Republic of Iran as a state sponsor of terrorism by the United States on January 23, 1984 began a thirty-year long sanctions regime against the Islamic nation. Initially serving the twofold purpose of pressuring the Islamic republic to discontinue its support of terrorism and curbing Iran’s growth […]


Future Development of Southeast European and Mediterranean Natural Gas Reserves

by Athina Sylaidy Energy security is a multifaceted issue, and one no longer restricted solely to the domain of the viability of energy supply, price appreciation and preservation of the environment, issues which are included in the ‘energy policy’ triangle. “Energy security”, as defined by the IEA, means ”adequate, affordable, and reliable supplies of energy.” […]

Russia, Ukraine, and Europe are Tied by Gas Dependency

by Dr. Jack D. Sharples A version of this article first appeared in the online publication “The Conversation” on April 17, 2014. The German energy giant RWE has begun to “reverse flow” supplies of gas from Europe back to Ukraine via Poland, a process first arranged in 2012, with an agreement to deliver up to […]

Workshop Review: Boris Jordan, Chief of Sputnik Group – The Ukrainian Crisis and Why the Russian Economy is Slowing

by Nicholas Watt On April 7, Boris Jordan, CEO of Sputnik Group, gave a presentation to European University’s students and professors in the Golden Hall. After being introduced by Rector Kharkhordin, Jordan began with the warning that he may from time to time switch back into Russian. Indeed, Jordan, a US citizen, has spent the […]